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“ Use of Mulching Paper in Rice”-An innovation

“ Use of Mulching Paper in Rice”-An innovation

Practical Utility of innovation

Production cost of rice is increasing day by day due to rise in Input cost and labor charges. Use of mulching paper in rice cultivation can be a ideal solution for this. By using mulching paper there is definite cut in labor cost ,seed rate, fertilizer and other aspects like puddling,nursery management,transplanting, inter culture operation etc. This method not only reduces cost of cultivation but also increases the yield.

History and Description of Innovation

Mr.Anil patil – farmer from Palghar, Maharashtra was very keen in adding technology in farming. This is the reason why he completed the Precision farming training at M.P.K.V.Rahuri during January 2005. Earlier he was doing rice cultivation on small land with help of mulching paper from 2010 to 2011. During this practice he got help from KVK Agronomist Shri. Kushare.  visited the plot and did his observation. He suggested Mr. Patil that rather taking a single crop( Rice), he must try for another crop in rabbi season on same field. Mr. Patil was very impressed with this suggestion and in 2012 he increased the area to 4 R for growing the rice crop on mulching. Then, after harvesting of rice, he cultivated bean(wal),maize and bengalgram crops on residual soil moisture.

mulching-2

During 2014 Kosbad KVK (Dahanu) conducted demonstration of Bengalgram cultivation after harvesting of kharif paddy. They found out Rice-Bengalgram cropping system is good for the use of mulching technology. Ultimately the technology has got the name “Simple Rice Farming to the technology”.

Anil patil was a first farmer who identified the potential of mulching in paddy cultivation. In 2010, he was first farmer who cultivated paddy on mulching not only in district but also in Maharashtra. Regular visits of Kosbad KVK scientist was helpful in converting the efforts of Mr. Patil to become fruitful. In 2012, Mr. Patil adopted ‘Karjat-3’ variety by using mulching paper on 4 R area. Results were stunning, he reaped 5.5tons per hectare ,while yield of same variety on traditional and improved method was about 30 and 40 quintal per ha respectively. Mr. Anil Patil’s yield was the highest in his village. Then in 2013 kharif, Mr. Patil got record break yield of 5.8 tones.

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Details:

  • Complete the ploughing and harrowing operations.

  • Prepare broad bed furrow before monsoon at 4.5 feet distance.

  • Keep the width of at top is 3 feet and maintain 1.5 feet distance between two bed.

  • Then spread the mulch paper on bed.

  • Prepare holes on mulching paper at distance of 1*1 feet.

  • The holes on paper should be of 2 inch diameter.

  • Once soil gets sufficient moisture dibble 4-5 seed at each hill/hole.

  • Give first dose of Urea after 15 days.

mulching-5

  • Apply urea brickets (65kg/Acre) by making small hole between two hills of seedling.

  • Usually karjat-3 variety takes duration 110-120days for harvesting.

Bengalgram Cultivation :

After harvesting of kharif paddy in the first week of November, dibble one or two seeds of Bengalgram in the hole prepared for urea bricket application. After harvesting of Bengalgram, next kharif paddy crop can be grown on the same bed. Atleast four crops can be grown on the same bed and mulching paper. With proper care and good management it is possible to use Mulch paper for 3 years also. Which means the same mulch paper bed use for at least four crops without any interculture operation.

mulching-4

Benefits Of Using Mulching Paper :

  • It reduces the seedrate and avoids soil erosion.

  • It saves the 50 % labour requirement for paddy crop.

  • Due to this steps like puddling ,nursery management, transplanting and interculturing operation can be avoided.

  • Only one time field preparation and bed preparation required.

  • No need of Tillage operation for at least for two year.

  • Increase in tillering, number of effective tillers and good root growth due to aeration in soil and maximum leaf expose to sunlight.

  • It reduces the water requirement of rice crop.

  • Less infestation of Pest and diseases.

  • No weed growth on bed.

  • Easy to harvesting of rice crop because less number of hills as compared to transplanted rice.

  • Harvesting of crop possible even though water level is high due to rainfall received at harvesting stage.

  • Atleast 8-10 days earlier crop mature than transplanted rice.

  • Nearly 1.5 to 2 times increase in rice yield.

  • Additional three crops grown on same field without any tillage operation.

  • It conserve the moisture in soil which is good for next Bengalgram crop.

  • No need of irrigation system.

Write up by:

Bharat Kushare

Scientist (Agronomy)

Krishi Vigyan Kendra

Kosbad Hill,Tal-Dahanu

Dist-Thane(Palghar)

Farmer Details:

Shri.Anil Narayan Patil

Village- Sange, P.O. Gore, Tal-wada,District-Palghar,Maharashtra

Recognition:

1.Recipient of Vasantrao Naik Krishi Bhusan Award 2012 of Maharashtra Govt

2.Best Vegetable grower Award from Vasantrao Naik Pratishtan in 2009 in

presence of Chief Minister.

3.Prahar Bhusan from Prahar News paper

4.Progressive farmer award from Zilha Parishad,Thane in 1994-95

[Total: 2    Average: 1.5/5]

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